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Original Article

Clinical Pain 2019; 18(1): 16-23

Published online June 30, 2019

Copyright © Korean Association of Pain Medicine.

Effect of Dynamic Balance Exercise in Elderly Patients with Unilateral Knee Osteoarthritis

편측성 슬관절 골관절염이 있는 노인환자에서 동적균형운동의 효과

Bong-Yeon Lee, M.D., Woo-Yong Shin, M.D., Min-Ji An, M.D., Seo-Ra Yoon, M.D. and Yuri Choe, M.D.

이봉연ㆍ신우용ㆍ안민지ㆍ윤서라ㆍ최유리

Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Gwangju Veterans Hospital, Gwangju, Korea

광주보훈병원 재활의학과

Received: August 23, 2018; Accepted: September 19, 2018

Abstract

Objective: To evaluate the effectiveness of dynamic balance exercise after intra-articular injection of hyaluronic acid (HA) therapy in elderly patients with unilateral knee osteoarthritis. Method: 30 patients with unilateral knee osteoarthritis were enrolled in this study. The patients were randomly divided into two groups: dynamic balance exercise after HA injection group (group A) and only HA injection group (group B). Both groups administered intra-articular HA injection and group A patients continued 20-session exercises for 4 weeks. The assessments were measured before injection and 4 weeks after treatment using the visual analog scale (VAS) for pain, the Western Ontario and McMaster University Osteoarthritis Index (WOMAC) for physical function, Berg balance scale (BBS), and computerized dynamic posturography using SMART Balance Master system for balance function. Results: In both groups, significant improvements in VAS, WOMAC and balance function were observed. Compared between groups, group A showed significant improvements compared to group B in WOMAC and balance function. Conclusion: It is suggested that dynamic balance exercise may result in improved balance function and physical function in elderly patients with unilateral knee osteoarthritis.

KeywordsOsteoarthritis, Knee; Exercise; Hyaluronic acid; Rehabilitation

Korean Association of Pain Medicine

Vol.22 No.2
December 2023

eISSN: 2765-5156

Frequency: Semi Annual

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